The wheat milling process involves separating the wheat grain into its constituents that is the germ bran and endosperm It follows the steps below However wheat milling is more complex than is conveyed by this simplified view Preparing the wheatThe wheat is weighed inspected then graded The grain is separated by size shape and weight.
CleaningHere the wheat is cleaned to remove impurities such as sticks and stones and other course and fine materials The whole pure wheat is then passed for further processing into the conditioning bins.
Tempering and conditioningAt this stage in the wheat milling process soaking of the wheat in water takes place for easy removal of the bran Conditioning is done before milling to ensure moisture content is uniform throughout the grain Moisture helps to prevent the bran outer layer from breakage during milling.
Temper water may be treated with ozone or chlorine to maintain sanitation in this wet environment during the tempering process Grinding wheat The wheat kernels are now ready to be milled into flour The modern milling process is a gradual reduction of the wheat kernels through a process of.
SeparatingThe grist goes through a series of rolls rotated at various speed levels The rolls only split the wheat grain open to separate the inner white portion form the bran.
MillingThe wheat is ground by a machine that crush it into pieces It is then put through sifters from which the meal obtained starts out course With repeated grinding and sifting the meal becomes fine flour wheat germ and wheat bran These can be sold separately used to produce different flours or used together to produce whole meal flour.
BlendingHere constituents are mixed together to produce different flours For instance a blend of wheat bran and white flour produce whole wheat flour.
It should be noted that the flour types to be produced are affected by the different qualities of wheat going into the mill Millers can ensure further feature variations such as flour colour by mixing together the different streams of flour produced by the mill.
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