Its located on the eastern edge of California and for a time it supplied most of the metals used in the worlds electronics And though it was shuttered in the 1990s its ramping up production again And by doing so it could radically change the supply chain behind consumer electronics.
As a name Mountain Pass is as generic as they come The names for its claims hint at how remarkable it was as though the churning of the Earths surface had opened up the rock and accidentally exposed the 1 4 billion year old wealth inside like pulling apart a venetian blind Birthday Sulphide Queen Mineral Hill Lucky Strike.
According to a 1954 report from the US Geological Survey as gold in Nevada waned prospectors moved towards California They were rewarded Huge veins of gold and silver enough that 500 miners had gathered in the area supplied as much as 5 million during the late 19th century But by the turn of the century USGS reported all that now remains of the principal town old Ivanpah about 8 miles north of Mountain Pass are the walls of several adobe houses.
Bastnaesite a fluorocarbonate of lanthanide series metals and the principal rare earth bearing mineral present constitutes 5 to 15 of much of the ore body and locally exceeds 60 4 Rare earth elements of the lanthanide series cerium lanthanum neodymium europium and others produced at the mine have been used in.
To their surprise specimens of lead and gold ores from the Sulphide Queen Hill were radioactive writes the USGS in its report They had found a huge vein of Bastnaesite a rare earth element that was discovered in the 19th century and is a source of the important element ceriumused to make everything from fluorescent lights to self cleaning ovens.
In some ways rare earth metals is a misnomer The rare earth elements are chemical elements as well 17 elements in all which often exist embedded in rocks or minerals The process of extracting them from ore is labor and resource intensive and always has been.
Some of the miners who discovered the minerals at Mountain Pass formed a corporation called Molybdenum Corporation of America and soon the companytoday known as Molycorpwas supplying the rare earth metals the consumers of the burgeoning modern age demanded Color TVs which use phosphors to produce brighter shades depended on Molycorp So did fluorescent lights So did the polish used on screens jewels and ceramics.
Ore from the Molycorp mine today Jacob KeplerBloomberg via Getty Images.
Dec 21 2015nbsp018332The most common types of mining equipment vary depending whether the work is being carried out above or below ground or mining for gold metals coal or crude oil From drilling machines to excavators crushing and grinding equipment the mining industry comes.
Sep 03 2020nbsp018332There are 17 rare earth elements or REE for short They include the 15 lanthanides plus scandium Sc and yttrium Y The lanthanides are range from the lightest lanthanum La cerium Ce praseodymium Pr through to the heavier REEs including ytterbium Yb and lutetium Lu.
Aug 30 2020nbsp018332The Government of Saskatchewan will provide 31 million in funding for a Rare Earth Processing Facility in Saskatchewan delivering on a key element of the 2030 Growth Plan The facility will be owned and operated by the Saskatchewan Research Council SRC It will be the first of its kind in Canada and will begin to establish a Rare Earth Element REE supply chain in Saskatchewan.
Mining companies see high prices as an opportunity and attempt to develop new sources of supply With rare earth elements the time between a mining companys decision to acquire a property and the start of production can be several years or longer There is no fast way to open a new mining property.
Jan 15 2013nbsp018332Bastnaesite is the main type of rare earth mining in Sichuan China Output from bastnaesite typically contains 0 20 3 wt thorium and 810 wt fluorine in addition to the rare earth of which about 50 wt is cerium Exploitation of bastnaesite started in China in the early 1980s.
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Mar 19 2019nbsp018332Rainbow Rare Earths The only REE producing mine in Africa at the time of writing is operated by Rainbow Rare Earths a UK based company Martin Eales CEO of Rainbow Rare Earths says that the fast development of the mine from the mining licence being granted in 2015 to delivering the first off take material in the fourth quarter of 2017 is due to the fact that the deposit on surface is.
MiningEquipment com is the first website in all of the mining industry and has continued to provide and service the needs of mines mills and equipment Don Laeding President and CEO of MiningEquipment com has been dedicated to the advancement of the mining community for 42 years.
Minerals make up most of what we use to build manufacture and stand on including rocks and soil so if we really ran out of minerals wed all be scrambling for a spot on the planets shrunken surface areas But if you were worried about running out of a single mineral important for industry then you probably can breathe easy Most of the minerals we use a lot are very abundant.
Bastnaesite is a chief natural source of light rare earth elements LREEs The effective depression of Ca containing minerals such as fluorite and calcite in bastnaesite flotation system is normally difficult and it is imperative to exploit more environmentally friendly depressants which can inhibit these gangue minerals simultaneously.
The facility is expected to process both main hard rock ores that include Bastnaesite and Monazite Mining Other Commodities Rare Earth Metals Glencore looking to sell entire Mopani stake to Zambias ZCCM IH Mining Silver Mining Equipment View More Energy Newsletter Get the latest energy news delivered to your inbox.
Bastnaesite typically contains light rare earth elements with smaller amounts of the heavy elements Bastnaesite has much less radioactive thorium than monazite but does contain large quantities of carbonate fluoride CFO 3 The fluoride released during mining can cause bone defects and other human health problems if it is not controlled.
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