Dec 18, 2018nbsp018332Timeline of Michigan Copper Mining Prehistory to 1850. Partial serpent artifact made of Lake Superior copper found at Effigy Mounds National Monument, Iowa. The earliest known metalworking in North America begins when Native peoples start mining copper on the Keweenaw Peninsula. Digging pits and using heavy stones to break waste rock away from copper masses, they.
The industrial copper boom began in the early 1840s, when word spread of the UPs copper deposits in the Keweenaw Peninsula, a finger of rock and forest projecting into Lake Superior. More than 400 companies staked claims in the area as people began flooding into a wilderness previously valued only by fur traders and loggers.
The Copper Country Strike of 19131914 was a major strike affecting all copper mines in the Copper Country of Michigan. The strike, organized by the Western Federation of Miners, was the first unionized strike within the Copper Country.It was called to achieve goals of shorter work days, higher wages, union recognition, and to maintain family mining groups.
While most of the early mines failed, a few became successful, and eventually several major mines became established. The Copper Country quickly became the first major copper mining region in the United States. By 1913, the majority of copper in the Copper Country was produced by three companies theCalumet and Hecla Mining Company, by far the largest and richest mine in the Copper Country, as well as theQuincy Mineand the mines owned by theCopper Range Company.
Most early successful mines were operated byCornishminers. At the time, many mines in Cornwall were failing, and Cornish miners began to travel to newer mining regions around the world. Cornish miners brought with them a system of mine operations based on contracts.In this system, miners formed working groups usually consisting of family members which then contracted with mine operators to perform specific mining activities. Typically, miners were paid by the cubic fathom of mine rock extracted, at rates designated in their contracts.
Because of the Cornish influence in the Copper Country mines, the contract system was also used in the Copper Country. However, contracts were only used with miners, who identified and blasted out copper-bearing rock. Trammers, whose job was to remove the blasted-out rock in heavy tram cars, were not paid on a contract, and were often considered to be a lower class of worker.
Apr 18, 2014nbsp018332Prehistoric Copper Mining in the Lake Superior Region, Octave Joseph DuTemple, privately published. Boom Copper, Angus Murdock, Macmillan Company, New York, 1943. Inside Michigan, Michigans Most Ancient Industry is Americas Prehistoric Copper Mines, July, 1953.
Project Overview The 100-owned Copperwood Project is located in Gogebic County in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA within the Porcupine Mountains copper district Figure CW 1.In June 2018, Highland Copper published the results of a feasibility study prepared by G Mining Services Inc. Link to Feasibility Study Report Copperwood is a low cost, low capital intensity located in a Tier 1.
The strike was the first strike to hit all Copper Country mines. After the first day of the strike, nearly all mines in the district were closed down, with mobs of strikers blocking access to the mines. Miners held daily parades to boost morale and show their strength. The mine owners, organized and led by James MacNaughton, manager of theCalumet and Heclamining company, called for state governorWoodbridge Ferristo deploy national guard troops to keep the peace. The governor did so, which led to many confrontations, some violent, between strikers and troops.
Eight million pounds of copper were removed from the five shafts that reached a depth of 1,400 feet with ten levels. The tour takes you down shaft No. 1 to the first level. Youll see pure veins of copper exposed in the walls of the mine. Model train, rock amp mineral and mining displays, antique engines, petting zoo and walking trails.
At the same time, miners were struggling from lack of pay and supplies. The strike was very costly for the WFM, which provided support to strikers based on need and family size. The WFMs coffers quickly emptied, leaving many miners and families living in poverty. A large number of families left the region entirely, looking for more work in the newly developing industrial centers ofDetroit andChicago. As the winter of 1913 began, the strike was weakening significantly.
On Christmas Eve 1913, the Womens Auxiliary of the WFM organized a Christmas party for strikers and their families.The union and many local citizens donated gifts for the children and money for the party supplies. The party was held in the upstairs ballroom of the Italian Hall, a building in Calumetwhich was owned by a mutual benefit society forItalians. The party was well attended, with hundreds of families attending, including many strikers children, packed into the ballroom.
Apr 02, 2019nbsp018332On Monday, Feb. 6, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources announced that Highland Copper of Quebec began drilling the first of 21 mining exploration holes, 12 of which are in a.
All reviews above ground copper mine tour guide copper mining tram ride great tour gift shop surface tour hard hats complete tour cog wheel mining history rainy day keweenaw peninsula walk around highly recommend this tour mine shaft bring a jacket hour tour upper peninsula michigan.
Organized in 1889, the Champion 4 Shaft-Rock house is the oldest shaft-rock house standing in the Keweenaw. Champion 4 was one of the many Copper Range Company mines that ran from Atlantic Mine to Painesdale. During the 1930s the mine was working the 48th level, 4,800 feet from the surface on the incline at the 4 shaft house.
The copper ores of Lake Superior can never be profitably sought for but local consumption. The country must be cultivated and peopled before they can deserve notice. -Alexander Henry 1772.
Dec 18, 2018nbsp018332The Pittsburgh and Boston Mining Company begins mining near Copper Harbor. The operation is abandoned in 1845 after a 28,000 investment, but only 2,968 returned. Though the company produced little copper, it was the first serious American mining attempt.
1801Paul Revere, who would later be made famous in H. W. Longfellows poem Paul Reveres Ride, creates the Revere Copper Company, the first copper rolling mill in America. This Massachusetts-based company specializes in copper roofing and sheathing for ships. The limited U.S. supply of copper forces Reveres company to import most of its metal.
Aug 13, 2019nbsp018332The level of DEQ staff concern, and at times frustration, with Canadian company Aquila Resources plan to mine for gold, zinc and copper within 150.
1848On January 24, gold is discovered at Sutters Mill in California. The Gold Rush will reach its height in 1849.
GOGEBIC COUNTY, MI -- A Canadian copper mining company began exploratory drilling in Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park this weekend, a move that comes as the remote Michigan natural paradise is grabbing widespread recognition alongside fabled national parks like Yosemite and the Black Hills.
On Monday, Feb. 6, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources announced that Highland Copper of Quebec began drilling the first of 21 mining exploration holes, 12 of which are in a one square-mile area of the state park known affectionately to hikers and outdoor enthusiasts as the quotPorkies.quot.
Descending into an abandoned mine and touring mining museums connect visitors to the UP copper mining boom of the late 1800s and early 1900s. Keweenaw National Historical Park KNHP works with local partners to preserve many of these sites. The industrial copper boom began in the early 1840s, when word spread of the UPs copper deposits in the Keweenaw Peninsula, a finger of rock and.
We wanted to do something unique during our vacation, and the guided tour at Quincy Mine was wonderful The history is fascinating, and not only were the adults enthralled, but our five- and 12-year old loved it too The guide made it easy to imagine living during that period, and seeing the mine and equipment first-hand really helped create.
Copper mining was extensive in the Keweenaw. As in, every city and town on the Keweenaw has its origins in the copper mining industry extensive. Copper mining formed the backbone of the economy here and similarly, copper deposits were found along the spine of the peninsula. The majority of copper mined here was native copper, 99.99 pure copper. Fortunately, this means that the waste products of mining here were more benign than in other parts of the worldbut there still are long lasting environmental impacts.
The main byproducts of copper mining in the Keweenaw were waste rock piles from the mines, tailings from the stamp mills and slag piles from the smelters. Waste rock piles, locally called poor rock, once dotted the landscape, accompanying every shaft of every mine. These piles have slowly disappeared, as the poor rock is a cheap and readily available material to be used in road construction. The sand and silt from the stamp mills, stamp sands, were often directly deposited into waterways in very large volumes.
Mining activities continued until 1968 around Torch Lake and shortly afterwards environmental concerns arose over the use of the lake as a dumping grounds. Fish were found with cancerous tumors and high levels of copper, arsenic, mercury and PCBs were found within the lake and the mine tailings. Because of these hazards the area was listed as a Superfund Site and remediation efforts were conducted. Some areas were capped with soil and revegetated, in places heavily contaminated soil and drums containing toxic material were removed, and other areas were left to recover naturally.
After remediation the site was removed from the national priorities list, as human health is thought to have been adequately protected by the actions taken, but the area remains a Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Area of Concern. Torch Lake has been left to recover through natural sedimentation, which means that the lake bottom still has high levels of toxic metals that severely impact bottom-dwelling organisms and that fish in the lake have elevated PCB and mercury levels to the point that they should only be eaten in very limited quantities.
For stamp sand deposits on Lake Superior itself, no remediation efforts were conducted as the erosive power of the lake makes stabilization efforts all but futile. Some of these deposits are quite extensive, with the sands near the town of Gay now covering over 5 miles of shoreline. These sands are also starting to work their way into the bay, where within 10 years they may cover 60 of Buffalo Reef, an important White Fish and Lake trout spawning area.
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